NTA provides cattle, pigs, and goats for breeding and fattening. It finances the supply of nylon long-lines for growing seaweed, water-pumps for irrigation, engines for fishing boats and thread and dye for the making of traditional textiles. It also helps farmers improve the qualities and yields of tree crops such as cocoa and cashew nut through training, extension, and the supply of modern inputs. It provides barbed-wire for fencing so that vegetable and crop farmers can protect their crops from roaming cattle, pigs and goats.

Selected small farmers are trained in best practice agricultural techniques that they can then introduce to their local communities. These farmers are provided with ongoing guidance and support in implementing best practices in the manner that suits their local environment and community needs. This helps to ensure the longer term sustainability of projects.

All income-earning activities are operated by household cooperatives or kelompok, and finance is provided on the rotating credit principle. This means that when one group has finalised a productive project, the money is recycled for other groups to use.